New York – A Concise History – Early Times
New York A Concise History….It hardly seems possible! For a city with so much character, culture and buzz, the task seems insurmountable…So, how are we going to go about this?
To recount the whole history of this great city, with it’s intricacies of personalities, construction and social interaction would likely fill a whole library. Therefore, we aim to present here just a snapshot of New York a concise history to show that history, like a building, has it’s own supporting pillars, events that have held up the character of what it is that makes New York one of the world’s great cities. So, with that in mind, let’s consider firstly, some early history.
New York – A Concise History: Early Beginnings
The area that would eventually become New York received its first input during the Wisconsinan glaciation. It was at this point that a vast ice sheet, with a depth of around 1000 feet, removed alot of the regolith, leaving a foundation of bed rock. This bed rock would eventually form the base upon which this city would become established. The ice sheet also contributed to something that New Yorkers take for granted today, the separation of Long Island and Staten Island. Whilst residents of the Big Apple are undoubtedly glad that an ice sheet doesn’t cover the city today, the way of life and character that exists now would never have been the same without that destructive, if beautiful, event had never occurred.
If we forward wind now to the precolonial era, the Algonquian Native Americans became the inhabitants of the region, This group featured the Lenape, a people whose region was known as Lenapehoking. The Leanpehoking region encompassed Staten Island, and, the western part of Long Island which would now have included the Bronx, Queens, Brooklyn, Manhattan and the Lower Hudson Valley.
It would be remiss, at this point, not to provide more information regarding the Algonquian peoples. Likely due to the severe winters of the region, the Algonquian peoples were a seasonal economy driven people. During the spring and summer months, they would live in Wigwams, which were a constructed hut with buck skin doors. They would support themselves by varying the types of food they gathered. From around March to April, they would gather near the coast and focus on fishing. It seems that nearly every type of fish or mammal would provide staples to their diet, everything from scallops to large mammals such as whales would be hunted down.
During the warmer months, from April to around October, migratory birds formed a staple of their diet, although, during the period from July to August this diet was supplemented with various berries and nuts. The month of September also added moose, beaver, caribou and white-tailed deer to their menu.
From around December, the lifestyle undertook a transformation. The wigwams were replaced by long houses. These more suitable dwellings could house more than one clan and their diet went from hunting and gathering, to living on cached food supplies that were accomodated in a type of more permanent, semi-subterranean structures.
Whilst this precolonial period undoubtedly have it’s variances, the era was dominated by natural forces and the residency of Native American tribes. Whilst it is hard to see the influence of either today on a busy city street, it is certain that today’s Big Apple would not have been what it is without the contributions of either.
Recognizing this is vital for the character of the city. In Perth, Australia, the Aboriginal peoples have been recognized as the traditional owners of the city, whilst Native Americans may not have the same level of recognition, acknowledging cultural input and heritage add to the city’s present identity.
This city is a historic and charming city as we at London Web Design fully recognize.